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December 22, 2010     Times
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December 22, 2010

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lorence's rner Candy Canes" We were in Branson recently for the Christmas shows. In those two days we saw the Presleys, the Hughes Brothers, and Ron pushed me in my portable wheel chair up the ramp see the Andy Williams. All were great shows. At the Hughes Brothers, I learned what the candy cane stands for. Hard Candy: Reminds us that Jesus is like a "rock" dependable. Peppermint Flavor: is like the gift of spices from the wise men. White Candy: Stands for Jesus as the holy, sinless'Son of God. The Letter "J": is for the Name of Jesus, our Savior. Cane: Is like a staff used by shepherds in caring for sheep. Jesus is our Good Shepherd. The color Red; is for God's love that sent Jesus to give His Life for us on the'cross. The Stripes: Remind us of Jesus' suffering His Crown of Thorns, the wounds in His hands and feet; and the Cross on which He died. On the Lighter Side - After church, John's brothers and sisters could usually persuade their father to buy them a soda and ice cream. One Sunday, the father protested, "where does it say that you kids should always get something to eat and drink after church?' "In the Bible,, one of the kids resigonds, "It says, Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness." Food for Thought Romans 8:31 If God is for us, who can be against us? P.S, We sure enjoyed the'Christmas program at the Elkhart Cemetery Chapel sponsored by their His- torical Society, and The Drama of Christmas at the chapel at Lincoln Christian University on Sunday afternoon. Merry Cttristmas to all and Happy New Year to all. A 19th Century gathering of Old Settlers in Mt. Pulaski. By Phil Bertoni Another known Lincoln case was the Cast-Iron Tombstone Trial, held in the Logan County Cir- cuit Court at Mount Pulaski in the fall of 1854. A second Cast-Iron Tombstone trial was held in the Logan County Circuit Court at Lincoln in 1858. The plaintiffs in these two trials were William E. Young and Nathaniel Whitaker, both of Mount Pulaski. The Lincoln-Herndon group defended Ruben Miller of Menard County in these cases. William H. Young was a member of the "early legal triumvirate" (Lionel P. Lacy, William H. Young and Samuel C. Parks). Young first located in Postville, where he taught school for a while, then enlisted and served in the Mexican War. After the war, he followed the county seat to Mt. Pulaski and then finally to Lincoln. He was the nominee of the newly organized American Party for Secretary of State in 1856. In 1861, he was appointed by Governor Yates to serve as the District Prosecuting Attorney upon the death of Harvey E. Hogg until the next election. "Mr. Young was a warm personal friend of Mr. Lincoln and the latter frequently visited with Mr. Young at his residence." Young did not live to serve out his term as District Attorney, passing away at his home near Lincoln in the summer of 1863. Nathartiel Whitaker was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1808. He served a year in the Black Hawk War, and came to the Logan County area in 1838, one year before it was officially organized into Logan County, where he served as justice of the peace for 16 years. He moved to Mt. Pulaski in 1842, bought and operated the Mt. Pulaski House for several years. He died in 1865, and the manner of his death was somewhat obscured, as Stringer conveys, but it was supposed that he was murdered for his money, He left his widow 29 acres of land in the city limits of Mt. Pulaski, with a fine orchard of 500 trees. He was also a member of the newly founded Mount Pulaski School Board. Young and Whitaker charged that Miller, an authorized agent of the owner of the patent, "made false and fraudulent representations con- cerning the patent." Miller, as an agent for Henry K. Flinchbaugh [of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, who had on July 22, 1851, been issued a patent #400/'or a cast iron tombstone] sold exclusive rights in the patent for most of the counties in Illinois to Whitaker in exchange for 80 acres of land and $1,000, and sold the patent rights for Michigan to Young in exchange for 160 acres of land. Mt. Pulaski 175th Anniversary Historical Sketches #16 in a Series They claimed that they should have their money and property returned to them since the manufac- turing patent rights to the Cast-Iron Tombstones did not include the actual tombstones, but merely the decorative part of the tombstones. Stephen T. Logan, Milton Hay, William H. Herndon and Abraham Lincoln defended Miller in the Mount Pulaski Court and later in the new nearby town of Lincoln Court. Both of these cases were lost on the county seat level, and they were appealed to thellinois State Supreme Court. Abraham Lin- coln's profound belief that a man's signature was his final word led him, perhaps, to under-estimate each plaintiff's personal impact and sorrowful appetl on the minds of the two juries. Mt. Pulaski House, where the traveling Illinois 8th Judicial Circuit'lawyers ate and slept on court visits to the Logan County Seat of Mt. Pulaski (1848-1855). Abraham Lincoln and Judge David Davis were among them. Mr. Lincoln usually opted for more "comfort-able surroundings" by staying in homes with his friends: Jabez Capps and Thomas Lushbaugh. Lincoln knew both of these gentlemen from the time they had lived near his home in Springfield before moving to Mt. Pulaski (Jabez Capps moved with his new wife and his three sons in 1836 and the Lushbaugh family moved in the late 1840's). As reported in 1901- L-R: Mrs. John Downing (formerly Miss Ann Vetters); Herbert N. Capps (plug hat & dress coat-former resident, now living in Kansas; Herman "Pony" Mattfelt (Uncle of E.O. and Henry Mayer). H.J. Wible Photography Collection Without a doubt, the Horological Cradle case and the Cast-Iron Tombstone cases coincided with Mr. Lincoln's fascination with mechani- cal and manufacturing processes. Mr. Lincoln, in describing the mechanics of the cradle to an inquisitive friend [banker Bunn] in Springfield, laughed and said: "There's the rub, and I reckon I'll have to answer you as I did the judge who asked the same question: the thing's like some of the glib and interesting talkers you and I know; when it gets going it doesn't know when to stop." Since all three of these decisions were on appeal to the Illinois State Supreme Court, some of their paper work was not in the disastrous 1857 fire at the Logan County Courthouse in the city of Lin- coln. In addition, more paper work was created in regards to these appeals The Illinois Supreme Court dragged its feet and it was not until Mr. Lin- coln's Presidency years that these three appeals were finally resolved. The Lincoln-Herndon legal team of "heavy hitters" had mixed results with these trials in the Logan County Seats of Mount Pulaski and city'of Lincoln courts: they had lost the Horological Cradle case appeal and had had a split decision with regards to the two Cast-Iron Tombstone appeals...winning the Young appeal but losing the Whitaker appeal. Whitaker, realizing that his friend Young's trial was perhaps on shaky grounds (Young's appeal to the State Supreme Court was still pending) had added an interesting feature to his plaintiff tactics also claiming that his intoxication had prevente d him from understanding fully the contract that he had made with Miller. So, conceivably to bolster his case, Whitaker may have decided to suffer the indignation of drunkenness rather than to appear foolish or not clever enough in understanding the patent contract. The higher-court rulings ten years later against Young and seven years later in favor of Whitaker--showed that Whitaker had made the correct tactical decision. Not surpris- ingly, Herndon may not have bothered to notify his former law partner about all of this at this time, as it is certain that President Lincoln would have had little or no time to reflect on this irrel- evant news. Locals have searched the area for these "cast- iron" tombstones. Apparently, several "look- alike" cast-iron tombstones have been located in the Logan County area: three in the Mt. Pulaski Cemetery, one in the Lake Fork Turley Cemetery, one in the Bowers-Templeman Cemetery and one in the Chestnut "Randolph" Cemetery. However, an easy test with a magnet or a simple metallic rap performed on these grave markers readily reveals that these are not cast-iron tombstones White Bronze is not bronze but sand cast zinc, and was used by a Monumental Bronze Company between 1874 and 1914. "White-bronze" headstones were marketed as more durable than marble and at one-third the price. It has been reported that these sand-cast zinc tombstones can be seen in cemeter- ies throughout the United States and Canada. And, evidently, these are the ones found in our local cemeteries. Above Mt. Pulaski Cemetery WALTER W MAYER 1902 Above Right Randolph Cemetery [Chestnut] SQUIRE & LOUISA MYERS 1889 Right Turley Cemetery [Lake Fork] JOHNS LINDSEY 1878 Perhaps the result of the 1857 Logan County Cast-iron Tombstone trial had something to do with the discouragement of American-produced cast-iron tombstones in the United States--cer- tainly in the mid-west vicinity. "Beginning in the 1870's, inexpensive monu- ments in American cemeteries began to be made of zinc. Their citst-iron fountains with classiciz- ing zinc statues were occasionally placed in cem- eteries, originally painted light colors in imitation of stone. Corrosion is a potential problem for any metal monument, especially in highly polluted or seaside atmosphere. Nevertheless, white-bronze monuments, which were meant to remain un- painted, survived remarkably well. Perhaps this is because the cast metal was relatively pure (more than 99% zinc)and the joining metal was also composed of zinc." More on this can be viewed at: conservation/zinc_cemetery=monuments.html. [Sources: Illinois Supreme Court... Edmunds v. Hildreth et al.: Horological Cradle Case, December 1854. File L01003, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Springfield, IL ...Edmunds v. Mayers & Mayers: Horological Cradle Case, December I854. File L01001, Abraham Lincoln Presi- dential Library, Springfield, IL ...Hildreth v. Turner: Horological Cradle Case, December 1854. File L01.006, Abraham Lincoln Presi- dential Library, Springfield, IL ...Whitaker v. Miller, January 1864. File L00994, Abra- ham Lincoln Presidential Library, Spring- field, IL ...Young v. Miller, January 1864. File L00994, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Springfield, IL Sandburg, Vol. II; Mount Pulaski, 1836 - 1986; Paul Beaver: Abraham Lincoln in Logan County, IL 1834- 1860]. i Scott is a Mt. Pulaski Alum and currently works in Afghani- stan for a private construction contractor. christmas and Thanksgiving: holidays that make the heart ache for the comforts of home more sb than any others throughout the year. It's a peaceful time when the fatigue from the labors of the year and the onset of winter join forces and help us move into a slower pace. It makes us appreciate that good cup of morning coffee, the comfort of a crackling fire in the fireplace, or the beauty of red birds jostling for food on a pristine blanket of freshly fallen snow. Holidays away from home and family evoke fond memories of those past, increasing appreciation for the special ones that stand out. In part it's the memories that get us through holidays away from home. The other part that gets us through is the people we are with and the efforts they take to make the best of where they are. our holiday season in Kabul was kicked off with Halloween. Qalaa House compound announced a Halloween party, com- plete with a costume contest. Our group was more focused on not going and'not being involved, with the exception of one. Mike planned ahead and had his wife ship over Halloween candy and decorations. He salvaged materials from here in our compound and fashioned his Halloween costume. He also directed his efforts to make a female co-worker into a queen bee and me into a pirate. He carved a pumpkin and entered it into the contest. Like his costume that he crafted from Styrofoam scraps, Mike made a Styro- foam ghost, skeleton, and pumpkins to give our office ......... the Halloween feel. Mike dragged us into Hal- loween and turned another Friday night away from home into a memory that will rgake us forever laugh at its remembrance. While preparing his Sty- rofoam pumpkins for Hal- loween, Mike was already thinking ahead to Thanks- giving. After Halloween, with his styro art, Mike made a turkey (Me-RIGHT) to adorn the office. Another package for Mike showed up from home and our office was adorned with a cornucopia and gourds. Cans of cranberry relish with real cranberries accompanied this package as Mike Along The Silk Road Vol. 11 By Scott Tate wanted the real thing to celebrate his favorite'holiday of the styro art. He boarded up the office windows on one side of our heavy morning dew and couldn't tell the difference between a year. building and began assembling a giant postcard complete with To do his part for our compound Thanksgiving dinner, Mike a Christmas scene and space enough for the entire compound loaned his cornucopia and decorations to the decorating com- of 300 plus to sign their names. mittee. In a repeat of ourHalloween ritual, Mike assembled us in the office before the dinner so we could get another group picture. He'd also advanced his styro art into a full size Frosty the Snowman that was wheeled around on the base from an old desk chair. While we were dressed in our holiday best, Mike took the opportunity to get each of our pictures with Frosty so we would be armed with Christmas photos to email back home. Our Thanksgiving dinner had all the foods expected for tradi- tional fare. A two star general was present that carved our meat that we topped off with Mike's real cranberry relish shipped from home. Another holiday away from home that could have been one of depressio n and despair was instead turned into another fond memory. While riding out the wave of euphoria' after Thanksgiving, Mike received notice to go to the mailroom for several large packages he had received. He asked me to go with him to help carry them back to the office. After we were out of earshot of our other office compatriots, Mike told me he had been expecting these boxes. They contained Christmas decorations and candy he had his family send from home. Mike wanted me to know that since recent work conditions had been especially rough on me that he was going to split his Christmas candy with me to help make things better. A package for one here is like a Christmas of sorts for all. Who doesn't like to open a package and we helped Mike with his assort- ment of fruitcakes, candies and the deco- rations that were soon unwrapped and put on display. Not satis- fied with decorating the inside of the office, Mike also turned his attention to the outside. Besides the full size snowman (Mike-RIGHT), Mike began cranking out Christmas trees and stockings with his With Frosty standing guard at our office door, puffing his corn cob pipe Mike made from a supper we had last week, our office is quite easy for new comer's to find and there is no mis- take we are looking right down the barrel of Christmas. We have an eclectic bunch of people who comprise our office and at best this is a weak attempt to describe them. Most have worked in Iraq, among other international places, prior to this stint and are well traveled. Most have been through divorce as children or as adults, lost family members through some sort of tragedy, and have faced numerous adversities brought on by previous downturns in the economy and related financial hardships. The different personalities and the dynamics resulting from our interactions are often magnified by the confinement of our environment and the accompanying war zone conditions. Small issues in the normal world sometimes seem catastrophic here. After growing up in a rural area it was years later while work- ing in cities when I formed the theory that people from the country had an advantage over those raised in the city. I surmised that rural kids are exposed to more diversity grow- ing up and from this could adapt more easily than city kids who never had to cut weeds out of beans while being soaked in the boar hog and a billy goat. But what did [ know and of course I was biased since the rural way of life was all I had known. All my childhood friends and family had been raised the same way. Years liter and half a world away here comes Mike, living breathing proof of my growing up rural theory. Raised on a farm in Nebraska, Mike served his country for the Vietnam conflict and afterward did his share of moving and traveling around as necessitated by employment. Mike was no stranger to being away from home and loved ones on the holidays when he arrived here in Afghanistan last year the day after Christ- mas. His upbringing prepared him for adversity and taught him to make do with the best he had. He has used those skills here bringing together a diverse group of wanderers, veterans, and multi-nationals by creating new holiday memories for us. These memories hdp us survive being away from family and friends and at the same time give us recollections that will last us a lifetime. One person can and truly did make a difference. Merry Christmas & Happy New Year From Kabul, Afghanistan!