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July 13, 1961     Times
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July 13, 1961
 

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SIL.TENNIAL EDITION, (Times-News, Mt. Pulaski, IlL) THURSDAY, City Named After Famous Polish Gen SIL-TENNIAL YEAR MARKS 182d ANNIVERSARY OF COUNT PULASKI Polish General Gave His Life For American Freedom A sketch of the life of General Casimir Pulaski, Polish noble- man, who gave his life at the battle o_  Savannah, Georgia, 1779, J in fighting with the American I colonists for their independence, I and after whom the City of Mount Pulaski was named more l than 180 years ago, should prove exceedingly interesting. General Pulaski's death, fol- lowing wounds received in de- fense of American freedom dur- ing the Revolutionary War, is nationally observed each year on October 11. The sketch follows: Casimir Pulaski, son of Joseph was born in the year 1747, on March 4th, the name-day of Saint Casimir, in the village of Kostry-Pulaze. His father, the county administrator (Starosta) of that district, was a distin- g,dshed lawyer, famed for his eioquence and his sterling char- acter. He became possessed of considerable wealth, belonged to the lesser nobility and was very popular and highly esteemed in the circle of hisfriends and ac- quaintances. Casimir Pulaski's youth was spent in his native village whence he conceived a deep at- tachment, lasting throughout his life, for the Polish peasantry. The sincerely religious atmos- phere in the home of his par- ents and the Polish nationalism which he imbibed from his fath- er, molded his youth character into great promise for his future. His early education was had at home and in a Jesuit College. Poland was already going into decline at that time. The sinis- ter influence of Catherine II, Em- press of Russia, made itself felt at the last royal election which was conducted in Poland in 1764, when Stanislaus August Poinato- wski was chosen King to succeed eration Bar and the first parti- tion of Poland in 1772 Pulaski fled to Turkey, but upon conclus- ion of peace between Turkey and Russia in 1774, there was no possibility of securing Turkish aid for unfortunate Poland a- gainst Russia and his further so. journ in Constantinople might have meant his imprisonmenl and delivery to Russia. Took Up Our Cause Pulaski fled to Paris where he became acquainted with Benja- min Franklin, who at that time l endeavored to secure the help of i France in the struggle of the !American colonists against Eng- land. Benjamin Franklin made a profound impression upon the youthful warrior, who from now on made the cause of American Liberty his own. His sole object now became to fight with the American colon- ists in their struggle for inde- pendence and having provided himself with considerable means from his patrimony in Poland, through the assistance of influ- ential friends, he embarked for America with his inseparable friend Rogowski where he arriv- ed in March 1777. He immedi- ately joined the staff of General Washington then in Philadel- phia. Pulaski's reputation had pre- ceded him. Although quite young he was known as a man of un- blemished honor and sterling character and his fame as a soldier and skilled swordsman was unequalled. Henry Sienkic- wicz, famous author of the "Tri- logy" took Casimir Pulaski as ' the model for "Pan Michael", COUNT CASIMIR PULASKI whose marvelous swordsmanship many readers will remember Army on the even of the Battle of from reading the work of that Brandywine. title by the immortal Sienkie - Saved Army at Brandywine wicz. '. In the light of historical re- Famous Swordsman icords as now before us there can It is recorded in history, that be no doubt, that had it not a famous swordsman and duelist been for the impetuous attack was induced by the Russian to of Gen. Pulaski leading the provoke a duel with Pulaski, his American and French Cavalry, a enemies hoping that he could not mere handful at best, upon the escape with his life in an en-English columns under the com- ,Continental Congress on August: i2-tth, 1777, General Pulaski writ- i es: "'The most important favor for which I ask is to find myself in the elosest proximity to the enemy, so that I may gain a i reputation of a good officer." He requesled a commission of the Continental Congress, but not re- ceiving the same immediately, he did not wait for a reply, but hastened to join ,Vashington's August II the Saxon, who diedin counter with tile swash-buckling mend of Gens. Knvphausen and 1763. Poniatowski was a man of Frenchman. The duel was soon Cornwallis, the Colonists already' great culture, but of a weaklarranged and gladly accepted by in retreat, would have been de- character, too easily subservient IPulaski. The Frenchman, certain foaled at Brandywine and Amer- to the wishes of Catherine, whose of victory recommended to Pul- ican History might have been intimate friend he had been aski to say his prayers for the different from what it is today. before she ascended the Russian  repose of iis soul because in a Gen. Sullivan's Army was in throne, few moments he would be with-full retreat before the British To counteract the objects and out a head, to which Pulaski columns under Cornwallis and purposes of the Confederation of cooly replied, "and I advise youi Knyphausen when Gen. Green, Radom which was organized in to count the buttons on your uni. i in command of tile main Revolu- 1766 at the behest of Catherine form and then your head, you tionary forces, ordered General II, for the ostensible purpose of will lose one after the other." The Pulaski, so relates Pulaski's protecting the rights and priv- result was as predicted by Pul- comrade-at-arms Capt. Rogo- ileges of the Polish nobility, in aski. His incredible skill with the wski and other contemporary reality, however, to bring such sword left him without a scratch officers, to advance against the nobility under the direct influ- from his opponent from whose enemy.  "We covered 4 miles enee of the Czarina, there was uniform Pulaski cut every front in 40 minutes. Galloping in a formed the Confederation of Bar button and then with a mighty cloud of dust we met Gen. Sulli- in 1768, at the head of which blow severed his head from the van's Army in a disorganized re- Joseph Pulaski, the father of shoulders, trent . . . Knyphausen's column Casimir, and from that time on Gave Unselfish Devotion was getting the upper hand over this youthful and gallant knight Thus will be seen that George Gen. Maxwell American. began his chivalrous work on be- Washington, in taking Pulaski as And then came Gen. Pulaski in half of the freedom of Poland a member of his staff made a his Polish uniform of the Bar and later, of America. valuable acquisition, not only of Confederation, shouting the corn- The two opposing Confeder- a valiant and experienced soldier mand 'Forward' in a voice which ations brought the country into but also of a man of means who penetrated our spine. "Whither a civil and religious warfare in needed no assistance and who are we going,' I asked myself which the father of Casimir expected none from his newly and then the thunder of sixteen Pulaski was imprisoned and found American friends. His high hundred hoofs crashed upon the! shortly thereafter died. Thus the ideals and .love of liberty had British columns. Pulaski was 1 leadership of the Confederation prompted him to cross the ocean mad with the lust of fight, slash-I of Bar fell upon the youthful to America, where, in a strange ing right and left, his sword! dripping with blood We were shoulders of Casimir and the land, amidst strange and, at I young squire, reared in the quiet times, unfriendly surroundings crowded, we were surrounded I life of a refined Polish country and people, his unselfish de- and then the cry 'help is com- home, was suddenly thrust in- votion to the cause of the op- ing' and the British began to re- to the military and political pressed, his most engaging per- treat. Now Pulaski raised himself maelstrom of those turbulent sonality and his soldierly qual- in his stirrups and shouted 'For- times. Unfortunately the Confed- ities marked him at once as a ward again'. An we went for- oration of Bar did not meet with man of distinction, ward, trampling down platoon the support which it deserved, It is known, that his military after platoon of the British King Stanislaus August Poniato- activities in the Revolutionary columns until their retreat be- wski, under the influence of War extended over the short per- come a rout." . . . "I have been Czarina, declared himself againstiiod of a little more than two in many battles, the memory of it. years, but even in the brief some raises my hair on end, but Military Genius time, General Pulaski although such bloody fight I have never Pulaski's military genius, hero- barely 30 years of age, made a seen." ism and unbounded personal record which should forever en-I Commissioned Brigadier General courage leading his compatriots shrine him in the history of our Thus writes General Pulaski's of the Bar Confederation, could country as one of the most he- compatriot and comrade and now not successfully oppose the Rus- roic and lovable figures of the let us have the record from Gen- sian army augmented by the Revolutionary period, eral Washington, himself, upon regular troops of the Polish King Requested Commission whose recommendation, after the and with the fall of the Confed- In a letter addressed to the battle of Brandywine, the Conti- nental Congress commissioned Pulaski a Brigadier General and assigned him to the command of the American Cavalry. Hence his well deserved title of the "Father of American Cavalry." In his letter of recommendation to the Continental Congress, \\;Vashington said: "This gentle- man has been like us, engaged in defending tile liberty and in- dependence of his country, and has sacrificed his fortune to his 'zeal for these objects, tie derives from hence a title to our re- spect that ought to operate in Ills favor as far as the bond of : the service will permit." Later on Gent,ral Pulaski sav- ed the Continental Army from a .surprise at Warren Tavern and took part in tile battle of Ger- mantown, and in the winter of 1777-78 participated in the op- erations of General Wayne and helped defeat a division of Brit- ish troops at tIaddonfield, N.J. Congress now authorized General l'ulaski to form a corps of Lane- ers and Light Infantry which be- came famous .as tlre "Pulaski Legion" with its own At the head of this successfully defended in May 1779. Poem by Henry Wadsworth wrote a beautiful memorate the General Pulaski's banner convent of the Moravi at Bethlehem, last verse reads as "Take thy banner! Thou shoudst press dier's bier, And the muffled drttgt beat To the tread of Then this crimson :',Iartial cloak and thee." The warrior took that proud, And it was his martial shroud! Through a strange does not establish either the 3"ear of or the manner of his place of burial. Mortally Wounded On Oct. 9th, 1779, a of Savannah, General his cavalry in an atta cl British in order to French columns under D'Estaign. when he by a fragment of a sl, horsed. Unmindful of wound he shouted his at the charging was given to him on field by Dr. Lynch, rand uncle of I)r. J. LY living in Detroit, Mich., the stlell fragment from General Pulaski's. in Iris possession tlntl 1!)3!). wh('n h(, tile eorgia Savannah. Gen. Pulaski was board the Colonial "VCasp" which was Charleston, but and the life spark hero was extin llth, 1779 and was buried at sea. counts have it that aski died on but was buried abe from S:l\\;'llltltth tree." Slill another that General Pulaski' on a farm in the rill; 7with, fiw, miles When the mound at ed place was o { sk(,leton was li('ation was impossi 00NG$. II ' IN AND We cherish many fond memories of . - . os. days spent ,n our father s bakery m 1. Pulaski, where we learned the trade xJ- one of the real masters. We also have many fine memories oftr friendships we made in Mount Pulaski u" ing those days. May we join in offering our BEST WIS - ON THE CELEBRATION OF THE a TENNIAL. ALL OUR FI MOUNT PULASKI COMMUNITY Y'S BAKERY "Cap and Bill" "Serving Logan County Since 404 BROADWAY