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January 15, 2011     Times
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January 15, 2011

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Thank You From Tom Lowe A "thank You" to all my relatives and friends for the phone calls, visits, and cards sent during my hospital stay and since returning home. Specialthanks to Craig and "Moon". It is good to be back home! It Only Takes A Spark To Get A Fire Goingl Family Fun Festival will be held Sunday, January 23 from noon until 3:00 p.m. at Zion Lutheran Elkhart Center. Lunch will be provided. Come and join us for a fun-filled afternoon! Hope to see you all there! Bring a friend! Pass it on! 175th Anniversary Feb. 12 Agenda 175th Anniversary Committee will be celebrating Abraham Lincoln's birthday Sat., Feb 12 at the Mt Pulaski Courthouse. 2 pm Abraham Lincoln Trial re- enactment: Cast-iron Tombstone Case performed by Mt. Pulaski Dis- trict #23 students (grades 8-12) - Ms. Donna Koehler, drama teacher 3:30 pm Guy Fraker will talk on the mid-1800s Illinois 8th Judicial Circuit, of which Mt. Pulaski was the county seat (1848-1855). 5:30 pm Abraham Lincoln Trial re-enactment: Cast-iron Tombstone Case performed by Mt. Pulaski Dis- trict #23 students (grades 8-12) - Ms. Donna Koehler, drama teacher 7:30 Musical entertainer Chris VaUillo performs his mid-1800s song selections The 2 & 5:30 performances will be selling tickets for adults $3. Children and students are free. Proceeds will be shared by the Mt. Pulaski District #23 High School drama department and the Mt. Pulaski Township His- torical Museum. No tickets required for the 3:30 & 7:30 performances. Tickets on sale at the high school and Saddles Secret Place. The Emperor Caracalla-a tyrant remembered for slaying his brother and building the extravagant Baths of Caracalla-was murdered by his own guards while answering a call of nature. That may be where the phrase =caught with your pants down" comes from. To raise public revenue, Emperor Vespasian-who built the Colosseum--was the first to introduce pay toilets in the city of Rome. When his son and suc- cessor Titus protested that the toilets were raising a stink with the poor, Vespasian held a coin up to his nose and said, =money doesn't stink." Today, Romans still refer to public toilets as vespasiano. Careers Scholarship Applications Available Abraham Lincoln Healthcare Foundation is announcing it has adopted new guidelines for its annual human healthcare scholarship. Scholarships will now be awarded to students pursuing careers identi- fied by Abraham Lincoln Memorial Hospital as relating to its present and future needs. Award amounts range from $10,000 for an associate's degree up to $30,000 for graduate degrees. For every $2,500 awarded, the recipient is contractually obli- gated to a one-year employment con- tract at ALMH. At the time of application, appli- cants must be residents of Logan County and be accepted into a fully accredited school. Applicants must have a cumulative grade point aver- age of at least 2.5 on a 4.0 scale and have attained no lower than a "B" average in core classes. Graduating high school seniors, as well as students further along in their healthcare studies are eligible to apply. The new scholarship guidelines and application forms are available for download at Completed applications are due on Friday, April 1,2011. Community members wishing to financially support local students pursuing careers in healthcare may send contributions to the healthcare careers scholarship fund at the Abra- ham Lincoln Healthcare Foundation, 315 Eighth Street in Lincoln. Memo- rial and honor gifts are accepted. For more information about the ALHF Healthcare Careers Scholar- ship Program, contact Development coordinator April Jensen at 732-5068 or visit The worldwide "Spanish Flu" epidemic which broke out in 1918 killed more than 30 million people in less than a year's time. Mr. Pulaski Times USPS No. 365-660 is published semi-monthly (twenty-four times-issues) per year by Michael Lakin. 314 S. Washington St., Mt. Pulaski, Illinois 62548. Business and Editorial Offices: Accounting and Circulatioh Offices: Michael Lakin, 311 S. Washington St., Mt. Pulaski, Illinois 62548. Call 217-792-5557 to subscribe. Periodical Postage is paid at Mt. Pulaski. IL 62548 POSTMASTER: Send address Changes to; ~ Mt. Pulaski Times, C/O Michael Lakin, 3I t S. Washingtoo. ~.i Mt. Pulaski. Ilfinois 62548 .... Office: 217-792-5557 times @ January 8, 2011 Mt. Pulaski Times - 8 FOR SALE - Michelin Tires, 225x44-R-17, 4 for $100, 217-871-2328 .............................................. FOR SALE - Used Flat Screen Computer Moni- tor. Reasonable Mt. Pulask 971-9863 ............................................. FOR SALE - '96 Buick Century Ltd Edition, V- 6, auto, 105,457-miles, front headlight damage, $1500 o/b/o, Mt. Pulaski 415-6884 .................................. FOR SALE - 2-burial plots in Carlisle Cemetery, Lake Fork - Lot 78-east side, $350 each, Phyllis Coates Anderson 775-623-5080 FOR SALE - Murray Riding Mower, 12.5 hp, 40", $350 o/b/o, Mt. Pulaski 412-6331 ..................................... Mattress/Furniture Overstock Clearance 30-60% Off Mattress sets starting at $100 Sofa's starting at $299 All brand new with full warranties Delivery Available Springfield 217-361-1357 TOTAL QUALITY MERCHANDISE FOR SALE - Welder Pro-9635 dual towers, exer- cise mach., $250 Mt. Pulaski 494-1102 ............................................. FOR SALE - Oak Roll Top Desk, (Dark Finish), Exc. Cond.. new $1200 asking $250 O/B/0, 792- 5665. ........................................... .--~.,.... FOR RENT - 2 Bdrm Apt. w/garage, lease, refer- ences. 737-0347 or 792-5313 Mt. Pulaski 175th Anniversary Historical Sketches #17 in a Series By Phil Bertoni Abraham Lincoln has on record at the LTnited States Patent Office an invention to aid grounded boats. He worked on this patent between sessions of Congress in 1848. On his way home to Illinois, his boat became stranded on a sandbar. As Herndon reportedly told the story, the captain ordered all hands to collect all the loose planks and empty barrels and force them under the sides of the boat. After forcing enough of the barrels under the vessel, it was slowly lifted and then cleared from the sand bar. This pro- cedure evidently convinced Mr. Lincoln to finish work on his patent. On May 22, 1849, Abraham Lincoln received Patent No. 6469 for a device to lift boats over shoals, an invention that was never manufactured. However, it did make him'the only United States' president to hold a patent. Lincoln's carved wooden model for his patent application is on display at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. In 1854, at the Logan County Elec- tion, the court of Mount Pulaski suffered the same fate as did the PosWille Court years before. The county population had shifted back towards the center of the ............................................. county. In the previous year - 1853 - the FOR RENT - 1 Bdrm Apt. w/underground ~rage, first railroad bisected the state from Chi- water & garbage included in reasonable rent, large apt. w/great view, 792-5645 or 553-6138 SERVICES - Personal care or assists~e wl activities of daily living, light housekeeping, laun- dry, meal planning & preparation, transpodation & errands and companionship, Kada Gdesheim, CNA. 871-0816 SERVICES - Child care in home summer child care for all ages! I am a certified elementary teacher who is also certified in CPR. I offer reasonable rates and flexible hours. Limited spots available. Place contact Megan at 217-638o7886 FREE - Will pick up unwanted mowers, chain- saws, snowplows for free, Mr. Pulaski 217-414- 2271, Leave message if no answer. HELP WANTED - Bartender & cook, days and some nights, For interview 792-3335 Kenney Bank and Trust" is looking for an individual who is detail oriented, posses above average Microsoft Excel experience and \enjoys working with numbers. The position requves the review and input of dollar amounts. The hours for this position are: MVVTF 10:00 am - 5:00 pm and Tuesdays'from 12:00 pm to 9:00 pm. You will also be required to work one Saturday per month from 8:45 am to noon. Previous applicants need not re-apply. Please send resume to or by mail to KBT, PO Box 117, Kenney, IL 61749. PICKUP, ComlStld 415-04380r 790='251'6 r ....... WANTED- Appliances, scrap metal, farm machinery 750-2576 cago to Springfield, running through the old PostviUe (Camden) area, adjacent to which was erected the newly-founded town of Lincoln - named so after its famous local lawyer and surveyor. A law suit brought about by Mount Pulaski to contest the voting went to no avail, especially when the defendant in the trial was none other than Abraham Lin- coln - who had earlier defended Mount Pulaski's right to gain the county seat and now was on the side of the city of Lincoln's Court. "It was, of course, a great disappointment to the citizens of Mount Pulaski, but stiU did not daunt their civic pride and courage, and m a few years, the 'mound' had substantiaUy recovered from the shock." The Peoria - Lincoln - Mount Pulaski - Decatur railroad was finished in 1871 and the Illinois Central Railroad from Chicago through the eastern portion of the state and on down through Mount Pulaski to ,Springfield was also finished in the early 1870's, but, far too late to help stave off the removal of the Logan County Court to the town of Lincoln. The removal of the Mount Pulaski Court to the new town of Lincoln was not without fanfare. "George W. Turley and others of Mount Pulaski filed a bill in the circuit courL Judge DaVis presid- ing, to restrain the county officers from erecting county buildings on the new location on the ground that the act pro- viding for the vote on removal wasmot legally passed, not having been read a required number of times." Lincoln represented the county and Judge Davis ruled in favor of Lincoln's position. This case was also appealed and, likewise, most of its paperwork was saved from the Lincoln courthouse fire. "On appeal to the Supreme Court, the decree of the lower court was affirmed." It wasn't until "December of 1855, the county records of Logan County were removed from Mount Pulaski to Postville [Lin- coln], following the change of county seat. Judge David Davis was instrumental as campaign manager in getting his friend, "Honest Abe" Lincoln nomi- nated for the presidency in that famous 1860 Chicago Wigwam convention: and then worked feverishly for Lincoln's historic election - an election that saw a once very poor and uneducated young man become a very humble, gracious, kind, thoughtful and self-educated intel- lect - who was yet a relatively unknown back-woods country lawyer - ascend the highest office of this land. "Davis was one of the three men whom Presi- dent-elect Lincoln took with him on his journey to Washington in 1861." Interestingly, Davis did not accept the President-elect's offer to become part of the new administration. Later, in 1862. Judge David Davis did accept President Lincoln's appointment as Associate Jus- rice of the United States Supreme Court, where he served until 1877. While serving on the Supreme Court, Davis is now recognized for writing one of the most insightful decisions in the history of the court: Ex Parte Mil- ligan (1866). In that decision, the court reversed the death sentence handed down during the Civil War by a military commission upon a civilian, Lambdin P. Milligan, who had been found guilty of "inciting insurrection." The Supreme Court held that "since the civil courts were operative, the trial of a civilian by a military tribunal was unconstitutional. The opinion denounced arbitrary mili- tary power, effectively becoming one of the bulwarks of held notions of Ameri- can civil liberty." Thus ended the long and successful tenure of lawyer David Davis on the Illinois 8th Judicial Circuit, where he was a fixture in the judicial circuit's chair from 1848 to 1862. His mansion in nearby Bloomington is a visitor's center, which shows the greatness of one who was born in Maryland (1815), educated in Massachusetts and at the Yale Law School, moved on to Bloomington in Central Illinois at the age of 20 [admit- ted to the bar the next year] to set up his new law practice (1836), elected to the Illinois State Legislature in 1844, served in the Illinois Constitutional Convention of 1847, elected to three six-year terms as Judge. of the Illinois Eighth Judicial Circuit, fully instrumental in both the nomination and election of his friend Abraham Lincoln. served with distinc- tion on the United States Supreme Court for fifteen years, resigned his bench posi- tion to become a senator from Illinois in 1877, ascended to President pro tern of the United States Senate (1881 - 1885), then retired to his home in Bloomington, I1.. where he died in 1886. During the years following the assassination of his friend, Davis became the executor of Lincoln's estate. Robert Todd Lincoln, now an "established and successful lawyer" in Chicago, corresponded with Davis frequently over various family matters, including the failed attempts in 1876 to steal the corpse of his father from his entombment in Springfield (this will be dealt with in the next historical sketch). [Sources: Stringer, Beveridge] The Titanic was the first ship to use the SOS The standard U.S. railroad width (4 feet, 8.5 inches) is directly derived from the width of Roman war signal. It was adopted as the international signal chariots..-This is because the English expatriates who designed the U.S railroad system based their ~:;~]l~l;~,g~-"gE~ihl~k:th~ :i~.,e- :measurements on the pre-railroad tramways b0itt in Engiatdl ThOse trar~ways were built using the same .l~-g~n~pri~..that,yea~:~l~ea~i~:~motl~er sl:iip, tools used to build wagons, which were also that width. The reason wagons were built to that width is a Cunard liner named Slavonia, first broadcast the becaus~ otherwise, they would break during long treks across the o d English roads. Those roads-built SOS signal on June 10, 1909, a full 3 years before by the Romans--were full of ruts carved out by Roman war chariots. All Roman chariots were built to a the Titanic. Also, the SOS became the official dis- standard width of 4 feet, 8.5 inches, and so English wagons were built so that their wheels would fit into tress signal in 1906, replacing the old CQD code. those ruts. Scott is a Mt. Pulaski Alum and Currently works in Afghanistan for a private construc- tion contractor. When I arrived in Afghanistan last year, I was slated for Kandahar, located in southern Afghanistan near the Pakistan border. Fate intervened; and left me working at my arrival point in Kabul. Not hearing anytliing posi- tive about the conditions in Kandahar, not to mention its focal point of the war effort in Afghanistan, I was glad of the many changes that developed to keep me at the small USACE base just a short ride from escape to the outside world via the Kabul International Airport. Our compound is named after the main building here, Qalaa House, formerly the Iraq Embassy. The entire area here is at best a 5-acre irregular shaped plot with office build- ings and residence halls, a dining facility and small gym. Concrete barrier walls are topped with razor wire and sniper screen that are high enough so that only those traveling over by plane can see into the compound from the outside. The residence halls are built from 8' x 16' metal conex boxes stacked on top of each other into several stories and enclosed to include shared bathrooms and a laun- dry room. Everyone has to share room on arrival and the waiting list has been as long as 8 months before a person is given a single room. Without the single room you are with wall-to-wall people 24 hours per day. Regulars at Qalaa House like to complain about the confinement, the lack of luxuries, and overall austere living conditions. The joke here is, because of these conditions and confinements, we are living in a minimum- security prison. With the three squares a day and the only outlet here to go to our gym, the joke is not far from reality. The armed guards around the compound further'complete this simulated prison life. My dad used to tell me, whenever I was feeling sorry for myself, to get out and walk down the street and look around. Out on the street I was sure to find plenty of people who had a lot rougher. I hadff been feel- ing sorry for myself here, but apparently the master of the universe thought differently. Out of nowhere a required trip to Kandahar materialized. In addition to the difficulties imposed by the war, it is just plain hard to travel through- Along The Silk Road Vol. 10 By Scott Tate out Afghanistan. The safest way to travel is via air. The war effort limits this mostly to military air travel. Unlike commercial air travel, not only are the conditions much less sophisticated, but the schedule is erratic and much more prone to weather conditions. In addition, ground movement also has to be scheduled in advance as well just to get to and from the airfield. After all the travel reservations were made, Brett, a co-worker, and I went on a supposed quick overnight trip to Kandahar. We boarded a C-130 headed up by a Canadian crew that is part of ISAF, or International Security Assis- tance Force, which is under the umbrella of the NATO, led security mission. If you've never been on one of these flights, your mindset makes you believe this is a sub- economy class of a commercial flight. Real- ity is, it's more of a flying school bus with a dollop of roller coaster adventure thrown in to enhance the flavor. From previous Afghan- istan flights I learned to eat or drink very little for several hours prior to the flight. The way flights are required to take off and land in a warzone combined with no on board rest- room mandates that you want to travel on an empty stomach. The Kandahar airfield sits on the other side of mountains from Kandahar City. The city itself ranges from 450,000 to 800,000 people. No doubt it has grown in the last year from Pakistan refugees who travel the short dis- tance across the border to trade a war zone bereft with floods to one in the desert. Life is tough here. Even without the war, it's amaz- ing people have survived in these barren con- ditions for centuries. It is said that the lone runway here is the busiest in the world with its constant air traf- fic in and out. There are a few commercial flights but the bulk are military. Fighter jets and choppers are everywhere on the apron as well as continuously landing or departing. F- 18 jets that depart at night, are said to always be leaving on bombing missions. Originally constructed by the US in the 1960s, and occupied by the Soviets after their invasion in 1979, Kandahar aiffxeld is big,and easily takes over 20 minutes to drive from one side to the other. Our first night at the base we completed our work that was the main purpose of our trip and were given a driving tour of the base by our hosts. There are places where the razor wire topped security fence abuts the desert. It is in these places where wild camels congre- gate for a handout. These are also where the risk to security is greatest and frontal attacks by the Taliban have been attempted to pierce the security barrier. Our driving tour was cut short by the alarm that sounded when an enemy rocket attack had commenced and rockets had entered the base. The Taliban set up rockets on timers in the surrounding mountains and it is the norm for these attacks to usually occur at night several times a week and sometimes several times per night. Our driver quickly pulled our vehicle from the road and we all hunkered down behind thick conc/ete barriers since the nearest bunkers were too far away to seek protection. We anxiously awaited the sound. Not unlike a large bottle rocket speeding though the air followed by the sound of an explosion that accompanies it. Minutes later we were relieved to hear the "all dear" from the PA system, affectionately called "The Big Voice". We bunked up in a shared room that night with instructions on how to roll to the floor, wait, and then run to the nearest outside concrete bunker if another rocket attack occurred during the night. It was not until later the next day we learned that the rocket attack we experienced the previous night had been a false alarm. We arose early the next morning before breakfast to get to the passenger terminal in time for our return flight to Kabul. There we were informed we were bumped from our flight. The military had decided to add batter- ies and ammunition to the cargo area, which is a common area with the seating. Federal regulations prohibit civifians from riding on military flights with hazardous cargo. Ironic considering we are in a war zone anyway. We were not able to get on the afternoon flight to Kabul either, which gave us another day at Kandahar. Our first priority was to eat breakfast. Instead of the small dining facility in the permanent structure we had grown used to in Kabul, we were taken to a large maze of tents where we waited in a long line to fill our trays only to go to another circus size tent with a dirt floor to eat. Much different from our facility in Kabul where we get eggs made to order and fresh fruit from Australia, New Zealand, and other garden spots of the Middle East. Since sleep had been a scarce commod- ity the night before our next priority was to make provisions for a good night's sleep. A Dutch company has constructed a lodge, Kandahar Hotel, on the airfield. The name belies the fact it is truly a motel. Made out of prefabricated insulated panels, the rooms are much smaller than the average accommoda- tions in the states. Tom Bodette's invitatiOn to the Motel Six would be a five star upgrade in comparison. However, when you are tired, hot and dirty, Hotel Kandahar was a real oasis for us. The dust there is like powder, not sand, and it coated us like fine chalk dust and interfered with visibility and breathing. Across from our hotel was a small drainage pond where the international troops had built replicas of famous buildings from their coun- tries. The most recognizable was a miniature Eiffel Tower. The most famous body of water on the airfield is known as the "Poo Pond". Built by the Soviets during their occupation, it was designed to treat the sewage for the base occu- pants. It was only designed for 8,000 occu- pants versus the over 30,000 who now reside there. Worse yet it was built on the wrong side of the airfield. The prevailing winds that kick up every night after dusk blow the aroma back across the airfield to further heighten the pleasantness of living here. There is an area within the airfield known as "The Boardwalk". A covered walkway completes a circle within which is a hard packed dirt area big enough for several volley- ball courts and a concrete paved short walled arena where soldiers from different nations were divided in teams playing street hockey. The open aired area inside this boardwalk perimeter is so big that USO concerts are staged here. Toby Keith performed last year for the troops during which several troops were injured by an incoming rocket attack. The outside perimeter of "The Boardwalk" is lined with Afghani shops selling rugs and jewelry; offering haircuts and Chinese elec- tronics. Restaurants selling local food like lamb and rice and gyros are open most of the day and night. A Kentucky Fried Chicken stand with a walk up window and a TGI Friday's restaurant with inside seating give the area an American feel. Once inside the Friday's restaurant we were almost able to forget we were in a war zone despite those facts that they served no alcohol and most of the wait staff was Asian or Indian. Down the road was a Canadian compound where we stopped for coffee. The Canadian version of Starbucks is Tim Horton's, named after a Canadian hockey player who died in an automobile crash in the early 1970s. There were no donuts and coffee choices were lim- ited. Supplies had been lost to the recent Tal- iban attacks on the routes through Pakistan. The final surprise of our day in Kandahar happened on our walk back to the hotel. Another Tate in Afghanistan by the name of Shane is currently serving in the 101 Airborne out of Fort Campbell, Kentucky. A friend and hunting buddy of Brett's from their hometown in Phoenix, Shane happened to be there on a mission having arrived when we did the day before. Two friends who hadn't seen each other in over a year blindly run into one another in a war zone half a world away. Try and explain that one. Types of accommodations I have lived in through the years have included apartments, hotels, motels, dorm rooms, homes and a mobile home. None prepared me for sharing a conex box in Afghanistan with a roommate from Missouri I had never met. The three months in the shared conex box made me appreciate my own single conex more than I appreciated living in a real home in the US. And while we are confined here in Qalaa Compound without the niceties Offered by The Boardwalk in Kandahar, we also don't have the dirt and dust they have or the scorch- ing desert temperatures. More so, we are also able to sleep soundly at night without the constant threat of rocket attacks. We returned to Kabul the following day with a renewed appreciation for our secured US enclave within the urban sprawl of Kabul. The starkness of our conditions here are extreme when compared to the com- forts of Our US homes but those in the farther outlying war zones are much more uncom- promising. It's a big change for all of us here to give up the independence and splendors we were so used to in America. Despite how bad it sometimes seems here, a trip in Afghanistan gave us an appreciation for our Spartan like existence. 911 changed a lot of things and with it made the world a much smaller place. With freedom comes a price and it is always worth the sacrifice.